By David A. Hunter
A completely up-to-date advent to the recommendations, equipment, and criteria of severe pondering, A sensible advisor to serious pondering: identifying What to Do and Believe, Second Edition is a special presentation of the formal ideas used while considering via purposes and arguments in lots of components of workmanship. Pursuing an interdisciplinary method of serious considering, the ebook bargains a extensive notion of severe considering and explores the sensible relevance to carrying out study throughout fields resembling, company, schooling, and the organic sciences.
Applying rigor while worthy, the Second Edition keeps an off-the-cuff method of the basic middle ideas of severe considering. With functional suggestions for outlining, interpreting, and comparing purposes and arguments, the publication illustrates how the concept that of an issue extends past philosophical roots into experimentation, trying out, dimension, and coverage improvement and evaluation. that includes lots of up-to-date workouts for a variety of topic components, A useful advisor to severe pondering finding out What to Do and Believe, Second Edition additionally contains: a number of real-world examples from many fields of study, which mirror the applicability of severe considering in lifestyle New topical assurance, together with the character of purposes, statement and supposing, slim and wide definitions, circumstantial purposes, and reasoning approximately causal claims chosen solutions to numerous workouts to supply readers with immediate suggestions to help and expand the lessons
A functional consultant to severe considering determining What to Do and Believe, Second Edition is a superb textbook for classes on severe pondering and good judgment on the undergraduate and graduate degrees in addition to a suitable reference for an individual with a basic curiosity in severe considering skills."
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Additional info for A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do and Believe (2nd Edition)
7 WHEN EVIDENCE CONFLICTS Sometimes, one piece of evidence we have conflicts with another piece of evidence we have. There are two ways that evidence can conflict and a good critical thinker keeps an eye out for both sorts of conflict. Two pieces of evidence directly conflict when one indicates that something is true and the other indicates that it is false. Sometimes, two pieces of evidence point in opposite directions. Let us call that a direct conflict. Here is an example. Suppose Susan sees what look to her like bear tracks on the riverbank.
What is an example of an emotional reason to believe something? 8. Why are emotional reasons not good enough for knowledge? 9. List two ways in which emotions can be obstacles to critical thinking. CRITICAL THINKING AND PERSONAL AUTONOMY 27 10. What is the difference between acceptable reasons and sufficient reasons? Give an example of reasons that are sufficient to believe something but not acceptable. 11. Could evidence be overridden without being undermined? Explain using an example. 12. The traditional philosophical definition of knowledge says that knowledge is justified true belief.
Suppose finally that the ship was in fact quite safe, and that the shipowner’s initial concerns about its safety were not well founded. Still, if the shipowner ignored those concerns and convinced himself that the ship was safe in hopes of saving a few dollars, Clifford argued, it would still have been just as wrong for him to have allowed the ship to sail and for him to have believed as he did that the ship was safe. It would have been wrong for him to have believed that even though his belief would have been true.