By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few entire descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The advanced tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and offered in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain song of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists should be in particular drawn to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a couple of logically self sustaining phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate beneficial analyses of, between others, gender and contract; demanding, element, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they are going to stumble upon many morphosyntactic modifications among Eton and the higher recognized japanese and Southern Bantu languages, usually as a result of evolutions formed through maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and complicated structures offer facts not often present in assets at the languages of the area, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Eton (Mouton Grammar Library)
Kirchner 2000). This alternative is unattractive for several reasons. It does not explain why consonants followed or preceded by a pause are as long as prominent intervocalic consonants. Moreover, there is no functional opposition between geminate consonant phonemes and non-geminates, so that geminates would have to be treated as successions of identical consonants. However, this would highly complicate syllable structure. 24 Phonology Figure 2. Released (a) and unreleased (b) final stop The following examples show stems with a final obstruent before a pause and in another context.
3). /k/ & /g/ The opposition between /k/ and /g/ carries a very low functional load. 1). In this position, /g/ is always preceded by a non-syllabic velar nasal /͡/. 1 1. Namely where the gender 3 prefix Ͱڮ- is retained after the gender 4 prefix mì-. Phoneme Inventory 11 This gives rise, in theory, to minimal pairs. I found the following near-minimal opposition: (2) a. )’ b. |mìͰ-kÞڟl| ࣰ /mì͡kwál/ ‘ropes’ It is possible to describe these facts in terms of a phonological opposition between /k/ and a prenasalised stop /͡g/.
2). Treating them as three different phonemes is the simplest of a number of alternative analyses, even though the phonological status of schwa cannot be proved by means of minimal pairs. The front vowel of the second degree /e/ is rare. It was found only in monosyllabic stems, usually in closed word classes. There is a phonological opposition between long and short vowels. Long vowels are relatively rare. This section is concluded with a list of minimal pairs. /i/ vs. /e/ /ŲڟlŲڟn dî/ ‘this palm tree’ /ŲڮlŲڟn ࣨdé/ ‘his palm tree’ /i/ vs.